For FSM treatments, please contact the office at (212) 688-4818.

Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) is a method for treating pain and other conditions by using very low levels of electrical current.

Although microcurrent technology has been used for decades in the treatment of pain and to improve wound healing, FSM is a newer approach useful not only for pain and wound healing but also many other conditions involving virtually all body systems.

FSM is a two channel system. One channel is tuned specifically to the physiological process such as inflammation, scarring, fibrosis, etc., and the other channel is tuned specifically to the type of tissue or body system to be treated such as brain, liver, thyroid, heart, etc.  Both physical and emotional issues can be treated with FSM. It is the specificity of the frequencies of the two channels that makes the potential of FSM virtually limitless.

The devices used in FSM are cleared by the FDA as TENS units for the treatment of pain, however, the level of current used in FSM is about 1/1000 the level used in typical TENS units. Physicians are permitted to use devices “off label” and so can use FSM to treat much more than just pain syndromes. Gel electrode patches or moist towels are used to deliver the current which is in the micro ampere range.

Patients are treated comfortably on massage tables or in recliners. Treatments generally last 45 – 90 minutes and the best results are obtained when treatments are given 1-2 times per week and when patients are well hydrated. This means that they should consume 32 oz. of water 2-3 hours before their visit.

Dr. Masiello uses FSM as an adjunct to his homeopathic and osteopathic work with patients.

Frequency Specific Micro-current | Domenick J Masiello, DO | NYC Homeopath-Osteopath

He adds FSM to the treatment regimen only after a detailed history and osteopathic examination.  FSM is now used at the prestigious Cleveland Clinic to treat adults and children with a wide variety of conditions. Below is a list of just some conditions amenable to FSM treatment:

Acute/Chronic Injuries Acute/Chronic Nerve Pain ADD/ADHD Arthritis Asthma Burns Bursitis Chronic Fracture Pain/Bone Pain Chronic Lyme Syndrome Concussions Diabetic Neuropathy Fibromyalgia Headaches Inflammatory Bowel Disease Irritable Bowel Syndrome Kidney Stone Pain Neuromas Plantar Fasciitis Sciatica Shingles Spinal Disc Injuries Spinal Disc Pain Spinal Facet pain Sports Injuries Tendinopathy Torticollis Wounds

The basis for FSM actually goes back about 100 years to the turn of the 20th century. It was revived by Carol McMakin, DC.

The story of this revival is told in her book, The Resonance Effect (2017).  A simple internet search will show that there is no shortage of articles written on the medical uses of microcurrent. Below you can find some books and articles published specifically on FSM.

Learn more in my blog post about the history of microcurrent.



Further Reading

  1. The Resonance Effect, McMakin C, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA, 2017.

  2. Visceral and Somatic Disorders: Tissue Softening with Frequency Specific Microcurrent, McMakin C, Oschman J, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2012, Vol. 18, Number 00, pp 1-8.

  3. Frequency Specific Microcurrent in Pain Management, Textbook for practitioners, Carolyn McMakin , Elsevier Science Press, Edinburgh, 2010.

  4. The efficacy of frequency specific microcurrent therapy on delayed onset muscle soreness, Curtis D, Fallows S, Morris M, McMakin C, Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies; 2010; 14 (3): 272-9.

  5. Non-pharmacologic treatment of shingles, McMakin C, Practical Pain Management, 2010, Vol 10; 4; 24-29.

  6. Non-pharmacologic treatment of neuropathic pain using Frequency Specific Microcurrent, McMakin, C, The Pain Practitioner, Fall, 2010, pp 68-73.

  7. Microcurrent stimulation in the treatment of dry and wet macular degeneration, Chaikin L, Kashiwa K, Bennet M, Papastergiou G, Gregory W. Clinical Ophthalmology, 2015:9, 2345-2353.

  8. Cytokine changes with microcurrent treatment of fibromyalgia associated with cervical spine trauma, McMakin C, Gregory W, Phillips T, Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2005, 9, 169-176.

  9. Microcurrent treatment of myofascial pain in the head, neck and face, McMakin C, Topics in Clinical Chiropractic, Vol.5, I, 1998.

  10. Microcurrent therapy: A novel treatment method for chronic low back myofascial pain, McMakin C, Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2004 (8) 143-153.